Discover Pennsylvania’s State Bird: The Ruffed Grouse


Pennsylvania is a state located in the northeastern region of the United States. It has a rich history, diverse culture, and abundant natural resources. One of the unique features of Pennsylvania is its state bird. The state bird represents the identity, pride, and tradition of any state.

What is a State Bird?

The concept of having a designated “state bird” started in 1927 when several states adopted an official avian emblem as part of their cultural identity. A “state bird” refers to any species or subspecies of birds that are indigenous to that specific geographic area and play an essential role in maintaining its ecological balance.

Why do States Have Official Birds?

State birds have become an identifying symbol for each US state; they serve as ambassadors that represent various characteristics associated with each region’s flora, fauna, environmental issues, traditions, and cultures. State birds also showcase conservation efforts by raising awareness about preserving these vital creatures’ habitats.

The State Bird Of Pennsylvania: Ruffed Grouse

The Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus) was designated as Pennsylvania’s official state bird on June 22nd, 1931. This game-bird belongs to the family Phasianidae found primarily throughout North America’s forests.

The ruffed grouse has remarkable camouflaging abilities with feathers mimicking fallen leaves scattered across forest floors during autumn months that conceal it from predators like hawks and coyotes while foraging for food such as acorns and insects.

This chicken-sized upland gamebird can grow up to two feet long with mottled brown plumage speckled with black spots around its neck resembling ruffled feathers; hence Its name ‘Ruffled’ Grouse perfectly describes this lovely creature!

Interesting Facts About The Ruffed Grouse

– The Ruffed Grouse is also known as the ‘partridge’ in Pennsylvania.
– The males have a distinct drumming sound made by beating their wings up to 60 times per second.
– It is the official state bird of both Pennsylvania and Michigan.
– They can fly at speeds up to 40 mph when escaping predators and maneuvering through dense forests.


The Ruffed Grouse, an iconic gamebird of North America’s Forests, holds significant importance for Pennsylvanians. This bird species has become a part of the state’s tradition and contributes to its cultural identity. It symbolizes not only ecological significance but also reflects Pennsylvanians’ love for nature, hunting, conservation efforts and appreciation for its beauty.