Swamp Sparrow

Basic Description

The Swamp Sparrow, also known as the Melospiza georgiana, is a small brown bird that belongs to the Emberizidae family. The male and female swamp sparrows are similar in appearance with gray-brown feathers on their tops and rusty red streaks underneath. They have a wingspan of 7-8 inches and weigh only around half an ounce. These tiny birds can live for up to 9 years.

Where To Find This Bird

Swamp sparrows are primarily found in the eastern United States where they breed during spring and summer months before migrating southward for winter. They tend to inhabit wetlands such as swamps, marshes, and bogs year-round but may also be spotted near streams or ponds.


As mentioned earlier, swamp sparrows prefer wet habitats like freshwater marshes or wooded swamps with plenty of vegetation close by for nesting purposes. They can even adapt well to areas with artificial floodplains created by humans such as reservoirs or sewage treatment plants.


These birds feed mainly on insects during breeding season which makes up most of their diet but will eat seeds outside of this time frame if there are no insects available due to cold weather conditions resulting from cooler temperatures experienced in their natural habitat during fall seasons when food becomes scarce.

Cool Facts

One interesting fact about swamp sparrows is that they sing more often than any other sparrow species – typically four times per minute – especially males during mating season when they perform beautiful songs to attract mates over long distances.
Another fascinating thing about these birds is that despite being small-sized critters, they undertake epic migrations traveling far distances each year from Canada’s boreal forests all the way down into Central America.
In conclusion, while not commonly seen by everyone, swamp sparrows are a unique bird species that play an important role in the ecosystem of freshwater wetlands. They have adapted well to their habitat and continue to thrive despite facing many challenges from changes in environment and climate change over time. So next time you’re out exploring soggy areas or near a stream, keep your eyes open for these fascinating little creatures!