Purple Sandpiper

If you’re looking for a bird that’s both unique and fascinating, the Purple Sandpiper is one species worth learning more about. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the basic description of this bird, where to find it, its habitat, food preferences and some cool facts.

Basic Description

The Purple Sandpiper (Calidris maritima) is a medium-sized shorebird that measures around 8-9 inches in length. This species has dark plumage with contrasting white underparts and yellow legs. It gets its name from the purplish-gray feathers on its back during breeding season. Males and females look alike but males are slightly larger than females.

Where To Find This Bird

Purple Sandpipers breed in Arctic regions of North America including Greenland, northern Europe as well as northeast Russia. They then migrate southward during winter months to coastal areas along the Atlantic Ocean from Newfoundland down to Virginia Beach in the United States.


During migration or overwintering periods, these birds prefer rocky coasts or tidal flats near saltwater environments such as jetties or breakwaters which provide shelter from high winds.


As they scurry along rocks at low tide zones searching for prey; their diet consists of small crustaceans like amphipods & copepods along with mollusks such as snails & mussels among other marine invertebrates found on intertidal substrates.

Cool Facts

One interesting fact about Purple Sandpipers is their ability to withstand extreme cold temperatures while migrating between breeding grounds and wintering habitats located over thousands of miles apart without getting frostbite!

Another fascinating aspect is how they help us learn more about climate change by revealing changes happening in Arctic ecosystems due to rising temperatures affecting breeding habitats and food resources, which could impact population numbers.

In conclusion, the Purple Sandpiper is an intriguing bird species that has adapted to survive within harsh environments. Their ability to overcome extreme weather conditions during migration and adjust their behavior accordingly contributes significantly to understanding how animals respond to changes in climate patterns. Whether you spot them on a rocky shore or while they’re feeding along tidal flats, these birds are sure to captivate any nature enthusiast’s heart with their unique traits and behaviors.