Northern Parula

The Northern Parula, scientifically known as Setophaga americana, is a small songbird that belongs to the family of New World warblers. This bird species is widely distributed in North America and can be seen throughout the year.

Basic Description:

The Northern Parula measures about 4.5 inches in length and has a wingspan of around 6 inches. It has a blue-gray upper body with greenish-yellow patches on its sides and throat, while its underparts are yellow with reddish-brown streaks on its breast. Its bill is black, short, and thin.

Where To Find This Bird:

The Northern Parula breeds across southeastern Canada down towards northern Florida in the United States. During winter months, they migrate south to Central America as far as Panama where they can also be spotted in forested areas along rivers or streams.


In summer months, this tiny bird prefers nesting high up near the canopy of deciduous forests or mixed coniferous-deciduous forests which provide both food sources such as insects and protection from predators such as snakes or squirrels. They especially enjoy habitats that have waterways nearby because they require that to breed successfully.


Northern Parulas feed mainly on insects which make up almost their entire diet during breeding season but will also consume fruits when available such as berries from trees like dogwood or elderberry bushes.

Cool Facts:

♦ Although this bird’s name might suggest otherwise, it does not exclusively dwell in northern zones but rather occupies locations ranging from southern Canada all the way through Central America at certain times of year for migration periods.
♦ When alarmed by potential threats like predators (e.g., cats), these birds perform an interesting behavior called “flash singing” where they fly quickly away while emitting sharp calls that sound much louder than their size would suggest.
♦ Females construct nests made out of hair-like materials including mosses or lichens that are held together by spider webs. They usually lay four to six eggs at a time which take around two weeks to hatch.

In conclusion, the Northern Parula is an interesting and beautiful bird species that can be found across North America during different times of the year. With their distinct blue-gray and yellow coloration and unique behaviors such as “flash singing” when alarmed, they are certainly worth keeping an eye out for next time you’re in a forested area with nearby water sources!