The Lapland Longspur, scientifically known as Calcarius lapponicus, is a small yet striking bird that belongs to the family Emberizidae. This charming bird species has unique features and fascinating behaviors that make it a favorite among bird enthusiasts.
The Lapland Longspur measures between 5-6 inches in length and has a wingspan of around 10 inches. These birds have short, conical bills with dark brown upperparts and buff-colored underparts. During breeding season, male longspurs develop distinctive black patches on their faces and throats. Females are generally duller in color than males.
Where To Find This Bird
These birds are found throughout the Arctic tundra region across Alaska, Canada, Scandinavia, Greenland, Iceland, and Russia during the summer months when they breed. They migrate southwards during winter to temperate regions such as northern parts of America. In some cases where winters are milder than usual in the Arctic Peninsula or sub-Arctic areas like Hudson Bay at times remain there year-round.
Lapland Longspurs prefer open habitats such as grasslands or dry tundra zones for breeding grounds because these areas provide ample food sources: insects (mostly flies), spiders & seeds (especially those from willows).They build their nests on bare ground by digging shallow scrapes on which they lay four eggs per clutch.
As previously mentioned Lapland long-spurs feed primarily on insects but also consume spiders & seeds especially those from willows which can be found near their habitats making them an ideal source of nourishment for this bird species!
One unusual behavior exhibited by these birds is aerial displays: Male lapland long spurs take flight while singing loudly to attract females or intimidate competitors during mating season – another reason why watching them at playtime may prove entertaining even if you’re not into nature photography or research. In addition, lapland long spurs are capable of drinking seawater as a key survival mechanism during droughts or periods when fresh water is not available in the tundra.
In conclusion, the Lapland Longspur is a fascinating bird species that is well adapted to living in challenging environments. Their unique features and behaviors make them an attractive subject for bird enthusiasts who want to learn more about these impressive creatures. So the next time you spot one, take a moment to watch and appreciate this resilient little bird.