Indigo Bunting

: A Vibrant Bird in Blue

The Indigo Bunting is a small passerine bird that belongs to the family Cardinalidae, and is known for its vibrant blue plumage. These birds are native to North America, and are commonly found during the breeding season across most parts of the eastern United States.

Basic Description:

Male Indigo Buntings have stunningly bright blue feathers on their head, neck, back, wings and tail. However, their underparts are brownish-red in color. The females have a more muted appearance with duller brown feathers that may be slightly tinged with blue or green. Both males and females are around 5-6 inches long (12-15 cm) and weigh less than half an ounce (about 13g).

Where To Find This Bird:

Indigo Buntings breed in fields, meadows, open woodlands or scrubby areas throughout the eastern United States from southern Canada down to northern Florida. They migrate to Central America for wintering grounds where they inhabit similar habitats as they do when breeding.


In summer months while breeding season lasts between April through September indigo buntings can usually be found nesting near edges of forests or shrubby areas adjacent to grassy fields such as old farmsteads or clearcuts which contain dense ground vegetation perfect for these birds’ nests require low-growing trees and shrubs for cover. In winter time they prefer brushy habitat along streamsides or forest edge.


Indigo Buntings feed mostly on seeds of grasses like wild oats but also eat insects including caterpillars butterflies beetles ants wasps spiders bugs flies dragonflies bees moths aphids – whatever is available at any given time!

Cool Facts:

1) Male Indigos sing continuously during their mating season in order to attract female partners – this song has been described as sounding like metallic chips being thrown together.
2) Their brilliant blue feathers are not actually blue pigments in the feathers, but is a result of light refracting off of microscopic structures in their feathers.
3) Indigo Buntings are known to be very territorial and will defend their nesting areas fiercely against other males, often engaging in physical fights.

In conclusion, indigo buntings surely make for a striking sight with their bright blue plumage. Their songs also add to the beauty of nature during spring and summer months. If you’re interested in seeing these amazing birds up close, head out into fields or woodlands near you during breeding season and keep an eye out for them!