Hooded Warbler

: A Vibrant Bird of the Forest

The Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina) is a small migratory bird that belongs to the New World warbler family. This species has earned its name from its distinctive head coloration, with a black hood and bright yellow face contrasted by an olive-green back.

Basic Description:

The Hooded Warbler is approximately 5-6 inches in length, weighing between 8-13 grams. The male and female look very similar except for differences in eye color; males have dark eyes while females have lighter ones. In addition to their striking appearance, Hooded Warblers have a clear whistle-like song which makes them relatively easy to identify.

Where To Find This Bird:

The breeding range of the Hooded Warbler extends across eastern North America from southern Canada to Florida and westward as far as Texas. During migration season, they can also be found along the Gulf Coast of Mexico and parts of Central America.


These birds prefer deciduous forests or mixed woods with dense understories near streams or moist areas. They build their nests on or near the ground in shrubs, saplings or ferns often close to water sources such as creeks.


Hooded Warblers primarily feed on insects such as caterpillars, beetles, ants and spiders which they glean off leaves using their sharp bill. Occasionally they will also eat fruit during non-breeding periods when insect food may not be readily available.

Cool Facts:

1) The Hooded Warbler’s scientific name “Setophaga” means “moth-eating.” Although this isn’t their primary food source it suggests that these birds are opportunistic eaters!

2) These birds are known for being secretive during breeding season but are more vocal during migration times when there is less competition for resources.

3) Young chicks leave the nest within ten days after hatching even though they are not able to fly yet. They flutter around on the ground for a few days before learning how to use their wings.

In conclusion, the Hooded Warbler is an intriguing species that is both beautiful and fascinating in its behavior. With their vibrant coloring and unique vocalizations, they’re worth keeping an eye out for during spring and fall migration times!