Gunnison Sage-Grouse

Basic Description

The Gunnison Sage-Grouse is a medium-sized bird that belongs to the family of Phasianidae. It measures between 25-30 inches long and weighs around 3-4 pounds, making it slightly smaller than its cousin, the Greater Sage-Grouse. Males have a distinctive appearance with white-tipped ruffs and yellow air sacs on their necks which they inflate during courtship displays. Females are less showy with mottled brown feathers for camouflage.

Where To Find This Bird

This bird is found only in the southwestern parts of Colorado and southeastern Utah in the United States. They inhabit sagebrush shrublands at elevations ranging from 5,000 to 9,000 feet above sea level.


Gunnison Sage-Grouses prefer open spaces covered by pockets of low-growing plants like sagebrush where they can hide from predators while feeding on insects and seeds. They require an ecosystem that has a balance between enough vegetation for food and cover but not too much vegetation that would attract predators like coyotes or foxes.


These birds primarily feed on seeds during fall through spring months when they are abundant but also eat insects, especially ants during summer months when there are fewer seeds available.

Cool Facts

One fascinating fact about these grouses is their unique mating ritual called “Lekking.” During breeding season males will gather together in groups known as leks where they compete for female attention through elaborate displays such as inflating air sacks or strutting around showing off beautiful tail plumes!

Another cool fact about this bird is their ability to detect harmful toxins produced by sagebrush plants which they avoid by selecting areas with lower concentrations of toxic compounds.

Sadly, these birds face several threats including habitat loss and fragmentation, wildfires, and oil and gas development. However, conservation efforts such as habitat restoration and protection of key areas have yielded some promising results in recent years, giving hope for the future of this fascinating bird species.