Ferruginous Hawk

The Ferruginous Hawk, also known as the Buteo regalis, is a magnificent bird of prey that can be found in the western parts of North America. It is a large and powerful bird with striking features that make it stand out from other hawks.

Basic Description

The Ferruginous Hawk is one of the largest buteos (a type of hawk) in North America. They have a wingspan ranging from 4 to 5 feet and can weigh up to four pounds. Their plumage coloration varies depending on their age and gender. Adult males have blue-grey upperparts while females are brownish with white underparts. Young ferruginous hawks look similar to adult females but they have streaks or bars all over their feathers.

Where To Find This Bird

This bird prefers open grasslands, deserts, steppe habitats, and prairies for nesting and hunting grounds. They can be spotted across western United States including Wyoming, Montana, Nevada, Utah as well as parts of Mexico.


Ferruginous Hawks require vast areas with low vegetation cover which makes them vulnerable to habitat fragmentation caused by human activities such as agriculture or urban development.


Like most birds of prey these majestic creatures feed primarily on rodents like ground squirrels or rabbits; however they also feed on reptiles such as rattlesnakes and lizards when food sources are scarce.

Cool Facts

Did you know?

– The name “ferruginous” comes from Latin word ferrum meaning iron.
– These birds build large stick nests atop trees or cliffs which serve them year after year during breeding season.
– Female ferroginious hawks lay anywhere between 1 – 6 eggs per clutch
– Baby ferriginious hawk’s stay in their nest for about two months before fledging.
– Their excellent eyesight allows them to locate small mammals even while flying at heights of over 1,000 feet.

In conclusion, the Ferruginous Hawk is a beautiful bird of prey that plays an important role in balancing ecosystems. It’s critical to preserve their habitats and support conservation efforts for these creatures to thrive in North America.