European Starling

The European Starling is a small to medium-sized bird that belongs to the family Sturnidae. It has a striking appearance with glossy black feathers and iridescent spots of green, purple, and blue on its head and body during breeding season. This bird was introduced in North America in the 19th century from Europe.

Basic Description

The European Starling is about 20 centimeters long with an average wingspan of 31-44 centimeters. Their plumage color varies between seasons; during winter, they have a dull brownish-black color while during summer – their feathers are shiny black with white spots. They have sharp yellow beaks which are perfect for eating insects.

Where To Find This Bird

These birds can commonly be found all over North America as well as Europe but prefer open fields or grassy areas near trees or buildings where they can build their nests.


European Starlings prefer habitats such as farms or parks among others with short grasses so that they can easily feed on insects and other small creatures like earthworms, spiders, fruits etc. They also live near human settlements including cities where food is abundant.


This species predominantly feeds primarily on insects especially beetles but will also eat berries when available making them omnivorous by nature.

Cool Facts

Did you know that this species of bird was first introduced into North America by Shakespeare enthusiasts? In an attempt to bring every bird mentioned in his plays to New York’s Central Park – 60-starlings were released into the wild setting off one of the most successful introductions ever!

Another interesting fact about these birds includes their song repertoires which include mimicry: some starlings learned how to produce mechanical sounds like car alarms! Additionally, it’s not uncommon to see flocks of hundreds to thousands of these birds flying around in unison especially during the fall migration time.

In conclusion, European Starlings are an iconic bird that has successfully adapted and flourished in their new environment outside Europe. With a striking appearance, unique behaviours, and interesting facts – this species is definitely worth watching out for when exploring your local environment.