Common Loon

The Common Loon, also known as the Great Northern Diver, is a striking water bird that can be found in North America and parts of Europe during its breeding season. With its unique appearance and haunting call, the loon is a favorite among birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

Basic Description:

The Common Loon measures around 28-36 inches in length with a wingspan of up to 60 inches. They have black heads and necks with distinctive white strips on their throats. Their bodies are mostly grayish-black with white checkered patterns on their backs during breeding season. They have sharp pointed bills which are black in color.

Where To Find This Bird:

The Common Loon prefers freshwater lakes located near forests for breeding purposes because these areas provide suitable nesting sites along with plenty of food options for them to survive. During winter months they migrate towards coastal regions or large saltwater bays where they spend most of their time fishing.


Common Loons thrive best in freshwater habitats such as inland lakes, ponds marshes, or rivers across North America’s northern latitudes into Alaska or Canada territories where it’s colder climate helps maintain an ideal environment for them.


Common Loons feed primarily on fish like perch, sunfishes ciscoes sticklebacks catfish chub etc though they may also consume crustaceans such as crayfish depending upon availability and preferences.

Cool Facts:

– The eerie wailing calls made by loons earn them the nickname “Spirit of the North.”
– These birds dive underwater to catch fish using strong feet rather than webbed toes.
– Adult loons can hold their breath for up to three minutes while diving underwater.
– Male & Female common loons form monogamous pairs during mating season and share parenting responsibilities after hatching.

In conclusion, The Common Loon is an amazing bird species that deserves attention from everyone who appreciates nature’s beauty. With its stunning appearance and unique behavior, it’s no wonder that people are fascinated by these creatures. If you are planning a bird-watching trip, don’t forget to keep an eye out for this magnificent waterbird!