Botteri’s Sparrow

: A Bird of the Southwestern United States

Botteri’s Sparrow is a small, ground-dwelling bird that inhabits the southwestern region of the United States. It is named after Italian naturalist and ornithologist, Carlo Botteri who first collected specimens of this species in 1857.

Basic Description:

The Botteri’s Sparrow has a brownish-grey back with dark streaks and a buff-colored breast. The male has a distinctive black patch on its throat while females have lighter markings. Both sexes have short tails and bills but long legs adapted for walking on the ground rather than perching in trees.

Where To Find This Bird:

The Botteri’s Sparrow can be found year-round in southern Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and northern Mexico. During breeding season (April to July), it can also be found in parts of Oklahoma and Kansas.


This sparrow prefers open grasslands with low shrubs or mesquite trees where it can hide from predators while foraging for insects on the ground.


The Botteri’s Sparrow feeds primarily on insects such as grasshoppers, crickets, beetles along with some seeds during winter when insects are less abundant.

Cool Facts:

– The song of this sparrow is often described as “churry churry churry”, which sounds like someone rubbing sandpaper together.
– Male sparrows perform courtship displays by fluttering their wings while singing atop tall plants.
– Unlike most other sparrows that migrate north into Canada during summertime breeding season, these birds prefer staying close to home all year round.
– It was once considered two separate subspecies – Cassin’s Sparrow from Texas westward to Arizona and Botteri’s Sparrow from central Sonora eastward to New Mexico – before being consolidated into one species due to similarities between them.

In conclusion,

Botteri’s Sparrow may not be as well-known as other bird species, but it is a unique and fascinating creature. With its ground-dwelling habits, distinctive song, and range of adaptations to survive in the arid southwest climate, it serves as an important member of the regional ecosystem. Anyone interested in observing this elusive sparrow should head out to open grasslands or mesquite trees in southwestern states during breeding season for a chance encounter with this peculiar bird.